The majority of community complaints about the heavy vehicle industry are about the noise generated from engine brakes.
The national standard has already been approved in 2007 by the transport ministers and establishes noise limits that are enforceable, aiming to reduce the impact on communities.
Some governments have already conducted trials to better understand how to enforce the standard but the reform has not been fully implemented as yet.
Dr Neil Wong, NTC project Director, said that the review is about understanding why there are barriers to the full implementation and to look at options to ensure that the reforms intended outcomes are achieved.
Advice will be given to transport ministers by the NTC before the end of 2012.